Mountain Survival Guide

Skunk Droppings

Skunk Feces Identification

Prior to discussing tracking, some basic terms must be understood by all. a. Trails and Runs. In any area, there will be many thoroughfares or trails and runs. Some may be seasonal, while others may be used by many different species. Runs are infrequently or intermittently used thoroughfares that connect trails to specific feeding, bedding, or watering areas. If trails are like highways connecting cities and towns, runs are like streets providing access to the gas...

Evasion Plan Of Action Format

Individuals completing EPAs should not use the statement PER SAR SPINS Special Instructions as a substitute for this document. Such a statement fails to provide recovery forces with the information required and provides no concrete data with which to plan a recovery operation. 2. EPAs should contain the following minimum information. Inclusion of this prescribed information into one document enhances operational effectiveness and precludes the possibility that critical information might not...

General Considerations To Take Game Msvxa

Ojibway Traps

Knowing a few general hints and tips will make the trapping of animals easier and considerably more effective. Most of these considerations relate to the ambush mentality. Think about each consideration as if you are planning an ambush of an enemy unit. The eight general considerations to take game are 1 Know your game. Knowing the habits of the animal you want to trap or snare will help increase your chances. Such things as when and where they move, feed, and water...

Position of the Sun at Equinox and Solstice

Autumnal Equinox Diagram

1 Summer Winter Solstice 21 June 21 December Two times during the year when the sun has no apparent northward or southward motion. 2 Vernal Autumnal Equinox 20 March 23 September Two times during the year when the sun crosses the celestial equator and the length of day and night are approximately equal. c. Sun's Movement. MSVX.02.07b As reflected in the diagram above, the earth continuously moves in a cycle from solstice to equinox throughout each day, however, the sun appears to travels in a...

Hazardous Fluids Msvxb

Survivors have occasionally attempted to augment their water supply with other fluids, such as alcoholic beverages, urine, blood, or seawater. While it is true that each of these fluids has a high water content, the impurities they contain may require the body to expend more fluid to purify them. Some hazardous fluids are (1) Sea water. Sea water in more than minimal quantities is actually toxic. The concentration of sodium and magnesium salts is so high that fluid must be drawn from the...

Trenchfoot Immersion Foot

This is a cold - wet injury to the feet or hands from prolonged generally 7 - 10 hours exposure to water at temperatures above freezing. b Causes of Trench foot Immersion Foot. The major risk factors are wet, cold and immobility. c Signs and Symptoms of Trench foot Immersion Foot. The major symptom will be pain. Trench foot is an extremely painful injury. Trench foot and frostbite are often very difficult to tell apart just from looking at it. Often they may both be present at the...

Spring Pole

Survival Spring Pole Snare

The box trap requires limited cordage to construct. It is designed to hold live small rodents and birds. The box trap trigger is the Puite figure 4. d. Baited Treble Hook. Tie a large treble hook onto a tree limb high enough to cause the animal to jump but not so high it cannot reach it. Bait the treble hook. 7. PATH GUARDS MSVX.02.08g Path guards are designed to protect and provide security for your shelter area against the enemy and predatory animals. They are classified into...

Recovery Operations

Select site(s) IAW mission order. b. Ensure site is free of hazards and enemy. c. Select best area for communications and signaling devices. d. Observe site for proximity to enemy activity and LOCs. e. Follow recovery force instructions. (1) Coyote and Wolf. Coyotes and wolves often run in family groups, especially in the early part of the season. When a littermate is caught, normally other coyotes will return to the set site, so reset traps in the same area. They are inquisitive, so you...

L Requirements For Survival

This positive mental mind-set is important in many ways. We usually call it the will to survive although you might call it attitude as well. This basically means that, if you do not have the right attitude, you may not survive. b. A guideline that can assist you is the acronym SURVIVAL. MSVX.02.01a 2. Maintain your wits and use your senses to determine what is happening in your immediate area of influence before making a survival plan. 1. Determine the rhythm or pattern of the area. 2. Note...

Specific Parts

Other than the actual meat on game there are other parts of it that can be eaten. They are the MSVX.02.09e 1. Paul Auerbach, Wilderness Medicine, 3rd Edition, 1995. 2. Larry Dean Olson, Outdoor Survival Guide, 5th Edition, 1990. 3. B-GA-217-001 PT-001, Down but not Out, Canadian Survival Guide. 4. Wilderness Way, Volume 2, Issue 1. 5. John Wiseman, SAS Survival Guide, 1993. 6. Chris Janowski, A Manual that could save your life, 1989. 7. William R. Davidson, Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases...

OUTLINE

RESOURCES (MSVX.02.10a) The materials used to make all field expedient tools, weapons, and equipment will fall into one of the five categories. f. Stone. Stone will make an excellent striking, puncturing or chopping tool, but will not hold a fine edge. Some stones, such as chert, flint, or obsidian can have very fine edges. (1) Chipping & Flaking. To make a sharp-edge piece of stone, a chipping tool and flaking tool is needed. A chipping tool is a light, blunt-edged tool used to break off small...

Lean To Shelter

Double Lean

BASIC CHARACTERISTICS FOR SHELTER. MSVX.02.04a Any type of shelter, whether it is a permanent building, tentage, or an expedient shelter must meet six basic criteria to be safe and effective. The characteristics are a. Protection From the Elements. The shelter must provide protection from rain, snow, wind, sun, etc. b. Heat Retention. It must have some type of insulation to retain heat thus preventing the waste of fuel. c. Ventilation. Ventilation must be constructed, especially if burning...

Digging Sticks

A noose stick is useful for strangling and controlling improperly snared animals that are still alive. (1) Find a pole as long as you can effectively handle. (2) Attach a noose of wire or stiff cord at the small end. (3) To catch an animal, slip the noose over the neck and pull it tight. c. Sling shot. A Y-shaped stick can easily be made into a sling shot. A sling shot is an extremely effective and accurate weapon. (1) Locate a hardwood, Y-shaped piece of stick. (2) From your...

Items Contained Within Each Component Msvb

5 Potassium Permanganate, with a container of sugar or antifreeze. 6 Prepackaged Tinder. -Commercially Manufactured -Cotton Balls and Petroleum Jelly 1 Water Disinfecting Chemicals. -Iodine Tablets 2 Metal Container. Serves for boiling water -Canteen Cup -Survival Kit Container -Any Suitable can that contained no petroleum products. 3 Water Carrying Items. -Canteen -Plastic Bag -Plastic Metal Glass Container which contained no petroleum products. -Various sized hooks -Various sized sinkers...

Five Ways The Body Loses Heat

Radiation is direct heat loss from the body to its surroundings. If the surroundings are colder than the body, the net result is heat loss. A nude man loses about 60 of his total body heat by radiation. Specifically, heat is lost in the form of infrared radiation. Infrared targeting devices work by detecting radiant heat loss. B. Conduction is the direct transfer of heat from one object in contact with a colder object. 1 Most commonly conduction occurs when an individual sits or rests...

Below Ground Solar Still

d Anchor the tubing to the container's bottom by forming a loose overhand knot in the tubing. Extend the unanchored end of the tubing up, over, and beyond the lip of the hole. e Place the plastic sheet over the hole, covering its edges with soil to hold in place. Place a rock in the center of the plastic sheet. f Lower the plastic sheet into the hole until it is about 18 inches below ground level. Make sure the cone's apex is directly over the container. Ensure the plastic does not touch the...

Survival Navigation Techniques

1 Employ a navigation method. 2 Find the cardinal direction. 3 Pick a steering mark in the desired direction of travel. b. Maintain a Log. The possibility may arise when you will not have a map of the area. A log will decrease the chance of walking in circles. a Use any material available to you i.e., paper, clothing, MRE box, etc. b Draw a field sketch annotating North, prominent terrain features, and friendly enemy position. a Annotate distance traveled, elevation gained and lost, and...

Four Life Saving Steps

Bites and stings Reptiles and insects of all kinds can complicate your survival situation. One of the best methods to reducing this risk is to wear your clothing properly. Do not scratch the bite or sting as this can cause the area to become infected. 1 Bee and Wasp stings. If stung by a bee, immediately remove the stinger and venom sac by scraping it with a fingernail or knife blade. Wash the sting site thoroughly. a Relief for itching and discomfort caused by bites and stings Cold...

Preparing Game Msvxa

Carcass Fecal Contamination

Once the animal is dead, dressing should occur immediately. This allows the chest cavity to cool, thus slowing the decay and bacteria rate. Use of chest cavity propping sticks will aid in this process. a) Using a well-sharpened pocket knife, cut around anus. Be careful not to puncture intestines or kidneys. b) Cut the hide from the anus towards the chest cavity. This is performed by first placing two fingers under the skin. Next, place the blade of the pocket knife in between your...

Pyramid Fire

Starting a fire is done by a source of ignition and falls into two categories modern igniters and primitive methods. 1 Modern Methods. Modern igniters use modern devices we normally think of to start a fire. Reliance upon these methods may result in failure during a survival situation. These items may fail when required to serve their purpose. a Matches and Lighters. Ensure you waterproof these items. b Convex Lens. Binocular, camera, telescopic sights, or magnifying lens are...

Single Survival Outline

POSITIVE LEADERSHIP AND THE RIGHT ATTITUDE. Leadership must be by example. At first, harsh and unfamiliar conditions tend to be frightening. Marines will find themselves up against many challenges they have never met before and the environment will constantly remind them that they can become a casualty if they make mistakes. Aggressive leadership, which consistently meets and overcomes the challenges of the environment, is essential to mission accomplishment. There will be two enemies to...

Expedient Hooks

If you are near shallow water (about waist deep) where fish are large and plentiful, you can spear them. (1) Cut an 18-24 long straight hardwood sapling, fire harden if green. (2) Sharpen one end of the sapling. (3) Shave two green saplings to serve as prongs. (5) Notch main staff to support prongs. (6) Lash the prongs to the main staff. (7) Prongs that do not easily flex under the weight of a finger need to be shaved and thinned, prior to lashing. (8) To spear fish, find an...

Leadership Challenges Peculiar To Mountain Operations

Although most leadership challenges in a temperate environment are the same in cold weather, some problems will arise which must be quickly corrected. a. Cocoon-like Existence. Many men, when bundled up in successive layers of clothing and with their head covered by a hood, tend to withdraw within themselves and to assume a cocoon-like existence. When so clothed, the individual's hearing and field of vision are greatly restricted and he tends to become oblivious to his surroundings. His mental...

L Components For A Survival

The environment is the key to the types of items you will need in your survival kit. How much equipment you put in your kit depends on how you will carry the kit. A kit on your body will have to be much smaller than one carried in a vehicle. b. Always layer your survival kit, keeping the most important items on your body. c. In preparing your survival kit, select items that can be used for more than one purpose. d. Your survival kit does not need to be elaborate. You only need functional...

Preserving Meats Msvc

MSVX.02.09d Botulism is an often-fatal food poisoning caused by improperly preserved meats. Botulism grows in a controlled environment. The acronym TOM is useful in defeating botulism. If any one of the three elements is removed from the preserving process, botulism cannot live. 1 Temperature, botulism thrives between 40-140 degrees F. 2 O- Oxygen, botulism needs an airtight environment to live. 3 M- Moisture, botulism needs a moist environment to live. 1 Before freezing, cut the...