Mountain Rescue And Evacuation

Steep terrain and adverse weather are common in mountainous environments. Under these conditions, relatively minor injuries may require evacuation. The evacuation technique chosen is determined by the type of injury, distance to be moved, terrain, and existing installations. Air evacuation is preferred; however, the weather, tactical situation, or operational ceiling of the aircraft may make this impossible. It is, therefore, imperative that all personnel are trained in mountain evacuation techniques and are self-sufficient. Casualties should be triaged before evacuation. Triage is performed by the most experienced medical personnel available (physician, physician's assistant, medic).

Performing a rescue operation can be a significant emotional event. Rescue scenarios must be practiced and rehearsed until rescue party members are proficient in the many tasks required to execute a rescue. To perform most of the high-angle rescues, Level I and Level II mountaineers are required with a Level III supervising.

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