Level Basic Mountaineer

The basic mountaineer should be a graduate of a basic mountaineering course and have the fundamental travel and climbing skills necessary to move safely and efficiently in mountainous terrain. These soldiers should be comfortable functioning in this environment and, under the supervision of qualified mountain leaders or assault climbers, can assist in the rigging and use of all basic rope installations.

a. On technically difficult terrain, the basic mountaineer should be capable of performing duties as the "follower" or "second" on a roped climbing team, and should be well trained in using all basic rope systems. These soldiers may provide limited assistance to soldiers unskilled in mountaineering techniques.

b. Particularly adept soldiers may be selected as members of special purpose teams led and supervised by advanced mountaineers. Figure A-1 lists the minimum knowledge and skills required of basic mountaineers.

c. In a unit training program, Level 1 qualified soldiers should be identified and prepared to serve as assistant instructors to train unqualified soldiers in basic mountaineering skills. All high-risk training, however, must be conducted under the supervision of qualified Level 2 or 3 personnel.

Characteristics of the mountain

Rope management and knots.

environment (summer and

Natural anchors.

winter).

Familiarization with artificial

Mountaineering safety.

anchors.

Use, care, and packing of

Belay and rappel techniques.

individual cold weather clothing

Use of fixed ropes (lines).

and equipment.

Rock climbing fundamentals.

Care and use of basic

Rope bridges and lowering

mountaineering equipment.

systems.

Mountain bivouac techniques.

Individual movement on snow

Mountain communications.

and ice.

Mountain travel and walking

Mountain stream crossings (to

techniques.

include water survival

Hazard recognition and route

techniques).

selection.

First aid for mountain illnesses

Mountain navigation.

and injuries.

Basic medical evacuation.

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