Lesson Practical Exercise

Instructions

The following items will test your understanding of the material covered in this lesson. There is only one correct answer for each item. When you have completed the exercise, check your answers with the answer key that follows. If you answer any item incorrectly, review that part of the lesson which contains the portion involved.

Situation

Your battalion is participating in a winter exercise in the mountains of West Germany. During the exercise, your mission is to function effectively in snow-covered terrain, to recognize the potential of avalanche danger.

1. During the operation, your unit has been called to assist in an avalanche rescue. You must a. ensure that the assigned personnel report to the rescue site within three hours.

b. follow rescue procedures and since the personnel in the rescue team have been previously trained their safety is of no concern.

c. take proper precautions under trees and sheltered areas without assessing the situation.

d. try to get the victim(s) out within one hour since that is the average survival limit.

2. In order to take protective measures in an avalanche area, as a leader, you have been directed to stabilize the snow by using hand-placed charges or hand grenades. Your primary responsibility is to a. brief all personnel involved by letting them know that testing by means of explosives will be conducted and all men must be belayed while working.

b. ensure all personnel have received artillery training and their training records are kept up-to-date.

c. assist your men in dispersing energy (sonic boom) over the potential avalanche area.

d. keep the lines of communication open in case they are set-off by the tremendous energy of the slide, and to maximize hazard.

3. Your unit is climbing through an avalanche path when you encounter a moraine barrier. You should a. avoid this area since the disturbance could cause a double avalanche.

b. expose only a limited number of personnel to this danger at one time.

c. avoid moving above barriers located on the valley floor since a slide could collide with the barrier.

d. immediately build another barrier to protect you from the tremendous energy of the slide.

4. The surface of a wind slab has a dull, chalky appearance which is formed by well compacted snow having been transported by wind. When operating in the mountains, you must a. know this phenomenon because its presence indicates that avalanches are rare.

b. understand that a disturbance to the slab will cause little danger to the troops.

c. take cover away from heavy timber and observe the sun's rays until the slab disappears.

d. recognize this form of snow because they are extremely dangerous and often form the platform for avalanches.

5. You are aware that since the adaption of airmobile operations, large-scale winter operations have been made possible. You know this is the result of a. avalanche and vegetation training.

b. terrain and meteorological training.

c. effects of special training and equipment.

d. snow and slab conditions.

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