a Bight. A simple bend in the rope in which the rope does not cross itself.
b Loop. A simple bend in the rope in which the rope does cross itself.
d Half Hitch. A loop which runs around an object in such a manner as to bind on itself.
d Standing End. The part of the rope which is anchored and cannot be used, also called the static end.
e. Running End. The free end of the rope which can be used.
f. Lay. The same as the twist of the rope. (Applies only to hawser laid ropes, such as manila.)
Pigtail. The short length left at the end of a rope after tying a knot or coiling a rope. It may or my not be tied off with a secondary knot, depending on the circumstance.
Stacking (or Flaking). Taking off one wrap at a time from a coil, and letting it fall naturally to the ground.
i. Dressing the knot. This involves the orientation of all of the knot parts so that they are properly aligned, straightened, or bundled, and so the parts of the knot look like the accompanying pictures. Neglecting this can result in an additional 50% reduction in knot strength.
j. Setting the knot. This involves tightening all parts of the knot so that all of the rope parts bind upon other parts of the knot so as to render it operational. A loosely tied knot can easily deform under strain and change character.
TRANSITION: Are there any questions over the terminology? Since the rope is the climbers lifeline it deserves a great deal of care and respect. Next we will talk about the considerations for the care of the rope and rope log.
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